Heart disease encompasses a range of conditions that cause heart damage. These conditions include:
Coronary artery disease causes most heart attacks. It's a condition in which plaque narrows and eventually clogs the arteries. If a vein ruptures and forms a blood clot, cutting off oxygen to the heart, you have a heart attack.
Heart disease is the leading cause of death in the United States.
Certain health conditions, lifestyle choices, and genes play a role in heart disease. Four health conditions that increase your risk of heart disease include:
A sedentary lifestyle, smoking, and stress also contribute to heart disease. A genetic component may also increase your risk, so if you have a close relative with heart disease, you may be more susceptible to it at an earlier age.
Preventive care goes a long way toward reducing your risk of heart disease and heart attack. These lifestyle habits are the most effective ways to lower your chances.
Quit smoking: Smoking significantly increases your chances of a heart attack and death.
Eat a nutritious diet filled with whole grains, lean protein, fruits, and vegetables: A healthy diet can help lower cholesterol levels, manage diabetes, and promote overall health.
Exercise 30 minutes a day, most weekdays: Exercise improves heart function, helps lower blood pressure, and improves your body’s insulin response.
Maintain a healthy weight: By eating healthy and exercising, you should be able to maintain a healthy weight. Returning to a healthy weight range should lower your blood pressure and improve your diabetes symptoms.
Most importantly, work with your doctor to come up with a heart disease treatment plan. Southwestern Medical Associates is available to help you reduce your risk of heart attack by controlling your risk factors with diet, exercise, and medication.
If you have heart disease or are at riskfor developing it, contact Southwestern Medical Associates right away to get started on a treatment or prevention plan.
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