Diabetes is a metabolism disorder caused by a problem with insulin. The pancreas either produces very little to no insulin, or the body has trouble processing the insulin it produces. Diabetes comes in three different forms: type 1, type 2, and gestational diabetes.
Type 1 diabetes is a type of diabetes in which the body doesn’t produce any insulin. The disorder typically presents during childhood.
People with type 2 diabetes either don’t produce enough insulin or their body is resistant to the insulin. It's the most common type of diabetes, and it’s most often preventable.
With gestational diabetes, hormone changes during pregnancy disrupt the body’s ability to process insulin. Some pregnant women develop gestational diabetes during pregnancy, and it typically disappears after birth.
Diabetes often results in high blood sugar levels, causing reactions throughout the body. The most common symptoms of diabetes include:
Diabetes leaves many people susceptible to itchy skin and bacterial or fungal infections. People with diabetes often are slow to heal and have poor circulation, which contributes to these skin conditions.
People with diabetes are more prone to eye problems including glaucoma, cataracts, retinopathy, and blindness.
Nerve damage, particularly in the hands and feet, causes neuropathy. You may feel numbness, tingling, or pain in your extremities due to this nerve damage.
People with diabetes have four times the risk of dying from heart disease than healthy people.
No treatment is available to cure diabetes, so treatment involves moderating symptoms and controlling blood sugar levels. The team at Southwestern Medical Associates monitors your condition and helps you monitor your blood sugar levels at home.
People with type 1 diabetes require lifelong insulin injections. People with type 2 and gestational diabetes can learn to control their blood sugar levels with a balance of medication, dietary changes, and exercise.
Since heart disease is a common outcome of diabetes, it’s essential to maintain healthy blood pressure and cholesterol levels. Southwestern Medical Associates has a wealth of knowledge about lifestyle adjustments you can make to manage your condition.
If you’re ready to choose a primary care provider to help you manage your diabetes, call to book an appointment with Southwestern Medical Associates.
Feel free to email us regarding any scheduling or general questions!