Diabetes Specialist

Southwestern Medical Associates

Family Practice located in Orchard Park, NY

One-third of people with diabetes don’t even know they have it, which leaves them vulnerable to the disease’s progression. To stop it in its tracks, visit our physicians to diagnose, treat, and monitor your condition. The staff at Southwestern Medical Associates gets you on the right medication and path to health. Make an appointment at the Orchard Park, New York, clinic by phone today.

Diabetes Q & A

What is diabetes?

Diabetes is a metabolism disorder caused by a problem with insulin. The pancreas either produces very little to no insulin, or the body has trouble processing the insulin it produces. Diabetes comes in three different forms: type 1, type 2, and gestational diabetes.

Type 1

Type 1 diabetes is a type of diabetes in which the body doesn’t produce any insulin. The disorder typically presents during childhood.

Type 2

People with type 2 diabetes either don’t produce enough insulin or their body is resistant to the insulin. It's the most common type of diabetes, and it’s most often preventable.


With gestational diabetes, hormone changes during pregnancy disrupt the body’s ability to process insulin. Some pregnant women develop gestational diabetes during pregnancy, and it typically disappears after birth.

What are the symptoms of diabetes?

Diabetes often results in high blood sugar levels, causing reactions throughout the body. The most common symptoms of diabetes include:

  • Frequent urination
  • Dry mouth
  • Excessive thirst or hunger
  • Fatigue
  • Blurry vision
  • Weight changes

What complications does diabetes cause?


Diabetes leaves many people susceptible to itchy skin and bacterial or fungal infections. People with diabetes often are slow to heal and have poor circulation, which contributes to these skin conditions.


People with diabetes are more prone to eye problems including glaucoma, cataracts, retinopathy, and blindness.


Nerve damage, particularly in the hands and feet, causes neuropathy. You may feel numbness, tingling, or pain in your extremities due to this nerve damage.


People with diabetes have four times the risk of dying from heart disease than healthy people.

How do you treat diabetes?

No treatment is available to cure diabetes, so treatment involves moderating symptoms and controlling blood sugar levels. The team at Southwestern Medical Associates monitors your condition and helps you monitor your blood sugar levels at home.

People with type 1 diabetes require lifelong insulin injections. People with type 2 and gestational diabetes can learn to control their blood sugar levels with a balance of medication, dietary changes, and exercise.

Since heart disease is a common outcome of diabetes, it’s essential to maintain healthy blood pressure and cholesterol levels. Southwestern Medical Associates has a wealth of knowledge about lifestyle adjustments you can make to manage your condition.

If you’re ready to choose a primary care provider to help you manage your diabetes, call to book an appointment with Southwestern Medical Associates.